The difference between soft water and hard water

When you hear the terms ‘soft water’ or ‘hard water’ this is referring to the mineral content (particularly calcium and magnesium carbonates) within water.

It’s hard to tell if water is soft or hard by looking at it but you can feel it and see signs of it around your home and these include:

  1. Spots on glass wear and silver wear
  2. Mineral stains on clothing when removed from the washing machine
  3. Scale build up on appliances and plumbing

For water to be classified as ‘hard’ the mineral content is high, anything above 60 milligrams per litre.

Across Australia each city and state is different. Sydney’s water is considered ‘soft’ with a hardness level of about 50mg/L while in Hobart, it is barely above 10 mg/L. Brisbane and Adelaide have some of the hardest water where it reaches nearly 100 mg/L. On a state level, Victoria and Tasmania have the softest water while Western Australia and South Australia have some of the hardest water.

Soft water, with its lower mineral count, is often preferred by those who suffer from eczema and psoriasis and it generally means silkier hair and skin for your family.

Whether the water in your area is hard or soft, your best option is to install a home water filter system combined with a softener.

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